In Order out of Chaos, Ilya Prigogine and Isabelle Stengers argue that dissipative processes create new information, as, for example, in a multiparticle collision in which the collision serves as a coordination point correlating the particles’ momenta and positions. Such creation explains, they argue, why time can only go forward, for as billions or trillions of such events occur, an infinite “information barrier” is created that separates the past from the future.

N. Katherine Hayles, My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts