That’s one of the best known truths of economic history. The only countries that developed are the ones that pursued these [protectionist] techniques. The ones that weren’t able… There were countries that were forced to adopt “free trade” and “liberalization”: the colonies, and they got destroyed. And the divide between the first and the third world is really since the 18th century. It wasn’t very much in the 18th century, and it’s very sharply along these lines.

Noam Chomsky, transcribed by Josh Dougherty, in “Chomsky on ‘Intellectual Property’”