Pending Updates

These are all the things that would be part of the main body of the space markets page if I had gotten around to it. Obviously, there is no careful analysis or attempt to make sense of what is here; it is primarily a set of reminders to myself. Getting around to it gets harder as the amount of information grows and I try to keep the page readable rather than just a pile of random information.

Various pages

Hobbyspace has a ton of stuff, including links to other pages (e.g. see Space Tourism page including the NASA study which quoted/summarized from). Some of this might be worth citing in my own pages.

Future Space Transportation Study.

OCST updates for 2000 and 2001.


Should consider linking to some of the online papers. Most notably, Hudson papers put online by Marcus.

See Roton Development and Flight Test Program, AIAA 98-5258, on the Rotary Rocket web site. Will be handy in documenting schedule slips if any.

This article has updates on LunaCorp and the reusable launcher startups.

Spaceviews, 15 Dec 1998 article concerning Roton, including planned date for flight tests.

In the "it is as important to cover the failures as the successes" department: "Space Tourism Company Shuts Down", SpaceViews 13 Apr 1999. Either in 'launchers' or 'tourism' (or both). Some numbers about what they had been planning to charge and how many people put money in escrow and such.

Another list of launchers, sort of like the FAQ but more up to date, is from Jason Andrews. In the future he plans to have more than launchers.

Supply side

"Russia launches Foton-12 capsule into space" and "Swedish Telescience system launched onboard the Russian Foton capsule", Florida Today Space Online, 10 Sep 1999. "Russian FOTON 12 capsule has landed, Swedish equipment back on Earth", Florida Today Space Online, 27 Sep 1999.

Remote Sensing

"Commerical Remote Sensing System will usher in new paradigm for space market", Lockheed Martin Missiles & Space News Release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 23 Feb 1998.

"ORBIMAGE Closes $173 Million Financing Package", Orbital Imaging Corp. News Release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 5 Mar 1998. If I'm keeping a list of news items, or planned launches, sorted by company....

KPMG's The Satellite Remote Sensing Industry.

The Commercial Space Act of 1997: Commercial Remote Sensing Molly K. Macauley | Delivered to the U.S. House Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics, Committee on Science | May 21, 1997. At


"Space Burial: An Analysis", SpaceViews, 1 Jun 1998. Probably worth a cite, because it mentions a second company if for no other reason. Might be worth pointing out the article seems to be getting carried away; I don't see any way for space burial to be cheaper than cremation followed by terrestrial distribution of ashes.

Taurus launch of 22 Sep 2001 had Celestis payload - article also mentions (new?) price. Are links stable?


"Telesat to Help Build, Operate New African Satellite Network", African Continental Telecommunications Ltd. and Telesat Canada News Release, printed in Florida Today Space Online, 15 Jan 1998. Hmm. Maybe there is more to this Teledesic "developing world" thing than I thought. Or perhaps this is really driven by South Africa? Or does it extend to Europe? Or is this in fact not a very big amount of money?

"Sky's limit for satellite networks; local producers provide link", Florida Today Space Online, 28 May 1997. Maybe gives a few hints about new communications markets. Not sure how helpful it is, or how it corresponds to my own breakdowns...

"Loral to Build Third Satellite for CD Radio Program Valued at More Than $350 Million; Takes Equity Position in CD Radio", Florida Today Space Online, 6 Aug 1997. Probably should make some mention of direct radio broadcasts (in the context of DBS).

"Loral Skynet Introduces New Digital Video Delivery Service", Loral Space & Communications News Release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 16 Dec 1997. Another niche broadcasting service.

"Loral Skynet to create neighborhood on its Telstar satellites for North American distribution of Asian programming", Loral Space & Communications News Release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 16 Dec 1997. Another way in which the DBS market is expanding more than many people were predicting a few years ago.

"PanAmSat will provide satellite transmission platform for DIRECTV niche", Florida Today Space Online, 22 Jan 1998. Another niche broadcasting article.

"Satellites: The final investment frontier", Florida Today Space Online, 1 Sep 1998. Has some numbers and forecasts. Note that many of those numbers are for payload construction dollars, rather than being comparable to the numbers for revenue from the communications services (from CSTS and others).

KPMG's Mobile Satellite Telephony.


Update on Europe's plans at "Go-ahead for a European global navigation satellite system", ESA/EC/EUROCONTROL Joint News Release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 20 Jun 1998.


Do anything with the book Glaser, P. E., Davidson, F. P., Csigi, K. I., eds. Solar Power Satellites: The emerging energy option? The essay by David Criswell is rumored to be good. Check the cite (amazon)? Shove the cite somewhere?

RFF Scholar Provides Testimony on Economics of Satellite Space Power (39 KB) Molly K. Macauley | Delivered to the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, Subcommittee on Space and Aeronautics | September 7, 2000. At

A Unified Economic View of Space Solar Power (SSP) (slides), A.C.Charania and Dr. John R. Olds, Space Systems Design Laboratory, School of Aerospace Engineering, Georgia Institue of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0150 USA, 51st International Astronautical Congress, 2 Oct 2000. Seems hard to make solar power economical.


"Spacecraft with human hair, DNA planned for interstellar flight", A Celestis Inc. news release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 18 Mar 1998 (no longer online?). Seems like this may really happen although do note they are still trying to guage customer interest before deciding. Seems to be going forward: "Craft to carry DNA into deep space from Kourou", Florida Today Space Online, 3 May 1999.


"Private firm plans to land satellite on an asteroid", Florida Today Space Online, 10 Sep 1997. Not sure what to say about this. We don't really want to focus on the details of who pays and even more so, details of how data is procured.


"United Space Alliance, SpaceTec Join to Market Commercial Payload Opportunities on the U.S. Space Shuttle", Florida Today Space Online, 22 Aug 1997. New paragraph on manufacturing page. "Although the following aren't exactly market issues as such...". Hmm. Not sure quite how to put this.

SPACEHAB Signs Contracts For Three New Shuttle Missions, SPACEHAB News Release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 26 Dec 1997. Likewise, this is a provider thing more than a demand thing....

I heard a rumor that magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with strong magnetic fields (over 20T) is making inroads on determining protein structures without x-ray crystallography. So presumably one wouldn't need to grow crystals. I haven't checked this out, though.

Also on crystals, "Space research may accelerate development of flu fighting drug", NASA NEWS RELEASE: 99-39, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online 17 Mar 1999. Only one example drug, but could be worth starting a list.

"SPACEHAB, University of Houston reach agreement for Wake Shield Facility", Spacehab news release, reprinted in Florida Today Space Online, 15 May 1998. Note that despite the lip service to "commercial" as well as "government", all the customers will be NASA-funded (as far as I can tell).


Should run one or more of the Gold & Appel stories. With reference to the planned $25-40 million per trip ticket price (if I can find a cite for it).


"Tourism companies ready to go", Special Report: Florida's Future in Space, Florida Today Space Online, 14 Dec 1997. Contains various tidbits about specific companies.

Higher price points:

"Life support shuts down after cable pulled on outpost", Florida Today Space Online, 18 Jul 1997. Another high number for a trip to Mir, $60-70 million from France. This is for two weeks, not the shorter stays which have often been the case in the past.

"Indonesia has dropped plans to fly a guest cosmonaut on Mir", from "In Brief", SpaceViews, Jan 1998. Probably worth a mention (somehow) to remind people that not all of these things work out.

"Additional Shuttle-Mir missions may be in the works", Florida Today Space Online, 25 Jan 1998. More numbers for what governments are paying for flights to Mir.

Lottery: Pepsi is running a promotion; according to rumor one of the prizes is a trip to space. The only information I have found so far is here (in Japanese), presumably that page will go away at some point. I don't read Japanese well enough to know, but such promotions often really offer "$96,000 towards a trip to space" or "a trip to space, if available, or a ride on a MiG if not" or something else which is contingent on space tourism vehicles being developed.

Another such deal is with the X Prize. See "X Prize Announces Sweepstakes", SpaceViews, Jun 1998.

Spacetopia (site is partly in English, mostly in Japanese). Mention on Japanese page and English tourism page.

"Space Tourism in Japan - the Growing Consensus". Mostly about supply side, not demand side.

"Report: British businessman to pay $100 million for ride on Mir" (title since changed), Florida Today Space Online, 27 Apr 1999. Or see "British Man Denies Paying for Mir Trip", SpaceViews, 29 Apr 1999.


There has been some work published on the costs (supply) side for lunar tourism at the end of: "The Cost of Access to Space", Journal of the British Interplantary Society, Vol. 47 pp. 119-122, 1994. While the demand side (apparently) remains neglected...


Mir has also done commercials for a German telephone card and limited-edition Swiss sculptures, according to "A space odyssey -- for just plain folks" (not on the web long-term), The Orlando Sentinel, 15 Feb 1998. Advertising on the ground includes Hewlett-Packard (control room) and a Japanese feminine protection product (side of a Soyuz launcher).

Earth Transport

As far as I know the best published paper on Fast Package Delivery was presented by Joe Hopkins of Boeing and other authors at an AIAA conference in Albuquerque in January, 1998. I didn't find this on when I looked in February, 1998, but it seemed like maybe it would take a little while for it to make it there. I guess this would be the same paper as this Boeing paper (?).

Also this site at MIT would seem to be worth a link.

This page is part of Jim Kingdon's space markets page.